Sunrise 8/30/48 Summit, Illinois, sunset 12/4/69 Chicago, Illinois.
He was initially involved with the NAACP.
He joined the Illinois Chapter of the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense (BPP).
He negotiated a nonaggression pact between Chicago’s most powerful street gangs.
He developed a class consciousness multi-racial alliance between the BPP, Young Patriots Organization, and the Young Lords.
He was on the FBI’s “Agitator Index” as a “key militant leader.”
He was the Deputy chairman of the National BPP.
A civil lawsuit regarding his death filed in 1970 was settled in 1982 for $1.85 million.
He coined the term “rainbow coalition” later popularized by Rev. Jesse Jackson with his Rainbow coalition.
He was in line for the BPP’s Central Committee’s Chief of Staff before his assassination.